This amounts to around 10 million speakers, and makes Zulu the most popular spoken home language in South Africa. He was also the author of Insila kaShaka, the first novel written in Zulu (1930). The use of click consonants is one of the most distinctive features of Zulu. Genre; Language; Country; Rating; Browse by genre. This was the case with Zulu which only became written when the missionaries noted down this interesting language by means of the Latin alphabet. The Zulu, like Xhosa and other Nguni people, have lived in South Africa for a long time. It is a tonal language understood by people from the Cape to Zimbabwe and is characterized by many "clicks". This is evidenced in the use of click consonants in the Zulu language. mh, nh, yh, a practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography. Prenasalisation occurs whenever a consonant is preceded by a homorganic nasal, either lexically or as a consequence of prefixation. Likewise, uphahla /úːpʰaɬa/ "roof" is a contraction of earlier uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/. Forming part of the Nguni group of the Bantu languages, Zulu and Xhosa are mutually understandable. The Zulu language possesses several click sounds typical of Southern African languages, not found in the rest of Africa. When visiting this beautiful land why not ask one of the local Zulu speakers to teach you a few phrases, they are certain to appreciate your efforts. If a labial consonant immediately precedes, palatalisation is triggered. The Zulu language is spoken almost exclusively in the country of South Africa, with over 95% of its speakers living in this country. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language. Starting with a closed left hand, each finger is extended with each subsequent number from one to five. No change when the following consonant is itself a nasal. Prenasalisation triggers several changes in the following consonant, some of which are phonemic and others allophonic. In addition the vowel of the penultimate syllable is allophonically lengthened phrase- or sentence-finally. However, when it shortens, the falling tone becomes disallowed in that position. Underlying high tones tend to surface rightward from the syllables where they are underlyingly present, especially in longer words. It’s been estimated that up to 50% of the population speaks Zulu as either a second or third language, which makes it, without a doubt, the biggest language in the country. Ethnologue estimates (calculated between 2000 and 2015): Webb, Vic. isiZulu is mostly spoken in and around Kwa-Zulu Natal (see map).There are also a fairly large number of speakers in the Gauteng area. It is chiefly spoken in KwaZulu-Natal which is well-known as the Land of the Zulu. The Zulu language (native name: isiZulu) has its roots in the Niger–Congo language family. [11] The first written document in Zulu was a Bible translation that appeared in 1883. We start with greetings and introduction. Consequently, the relationship between underlying tone patterns and the tones that are actually pronounced can be quite complex. Moreover, Zulu does not generally tolerate sequences of a labial consonant plus /w/. It is accompanied by allophonic lengthening of the vowel. This occurs only with loanwords. All education in the country at the high-school level was in English or Afrikaans. It is noteworthy that in isiZulu, the names for the numbers six to nine reflect either the anatomical name of the digit (six, isithupha, means ‘thumb’), action (seven, isikhombisa, means ‘the one that points out’), or position/placement (eight, or isishiyagalombili, means ‘two remaining’, and nine, or isishiyagalolunye, indicating ‘one remaining’).[22]. isiZulu (Zulu) is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. These include donga (ditch), ubantu (humanity), muti (medicine) and indaba (conference). Zulu is also spoken in Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, and Mozambique.The population total for all countries is estimated at 27.7 million people (). The possible tones on a syllable with a voiceless consonant like hla are [ɬá ɬâ ɬà], and the possible tones of a breathy consonant syllable, like dla, are [ɮǎ̤ ɮa̤᷈ ɮà̤]. However, low tone does not behave the same as the other two, as high tones can "spread" into low-toned syllables while the reverse does not occur. The Zulu phrases are helpful because they are used daily. Other great names in Zulu literature have included Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and Reginald Dhlomo, who specialized in historical novels based on the lives of Zulu leaders such as Shaka and Dingane. There are three basic articulations of clicks in Zulu: Each articulation covers five click consonants, with differences such as being slack-voiced, aspirated or nasalised, for a total of 15. South African English has absorbed many words from the Zulu language. Contemporary usage. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development", "Ukwabelana - An open-source morphological Zulu corpus", "Oscar nomination for SA film - Brand South Africa", "The salience and symbolism of numbers across cultural beliefs and practice", "Structural characteristics of Zulu English", The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu, A short English–isiZulu–Japanese phraselist, Zulu Swadesh list of basic vocabulary words, Zulu With Dingani - Online beginner's course, University Of South Africa, free online course, isiZulu.net Zulu–English Online Dictionary, Spell checker for OpenOffice.org and Mozilla, Commission for Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Community Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_language&oldid=1001112184, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Zulu /ˈzuːluː/, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. Standard Zulu tends to be purist, using derivations from Zulu words for new concepts, whereas speakers of urban Zulu use loan words abundantly, mainly from English. However, in the Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu language was widely used. The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16% of the population speaking the language. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. When the following syllable also has a depressor consonant. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. Likewise, the recent past tense of verbs ends in -ile sentence-finally, but is reduced to -ē medially. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. The phonology of Zulu is characterized by a simple vowel inventory and a complex system of consonants. In the sentence, Zulu: 27 million (L1: 11 million, L2: 16 million), This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 08:44. Lengthening does not occur on all words in a sentence, however, but only those that are sentence- or phrase-final. Zulu is conventionally written without any indication of tone, but tone can be distinctive in Zulu. South African English has adopted many Zulu … The language can be heard in Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces as well. Additional phonemes are written using sequences of multiple letters. Type your text & get Zulu to English translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. The change also occurs in nouns beginning in ubu- with a stem beginning with a vowel. The penultimate syllable can also bear a falling tone when it is long due to the word's position in the phrase. The South African Broadcasting Corporation has domestic television and radio in Zulu. It is also heard in Gauteng and Mpumalanga. The remote demonstrative pronouns may appear with the suffix -ana when sentence-final, but only as -ā otherwise. Different prefixes can be attached to these verbal stems to specify subject agreement and various degrees of past or future tense. pronouncekiwi - How To Pronounce Zulu country. Zulu and Xhosa are the most common mother tongues, although English is understood by most people. In 1901, John Dube (1871–1946), a Zulu from Natal, created the Ohlange Institute, the first native educational institution in South Africa. This was South Africa’s first indigenous educational foundation. Browse all movies . isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people and about 10 million residents are fluent in the language. Tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. Zulu is a Bantu language, meaning that it is related to other Bantu languages like Swahili and Chichewa, the language of Malawi. Here are some of the main features of Zulu: The root can be combined with a number of prefixes and thus create other words. Besides isiZulu, many of the modern Zulus also speak other official languages of South Africa, including English, Afrikaans, and Portuguese. There may be some variation between speakers as to whether clusters are broken up by an epenthetic vowel or not, e.g. The Zulu Full-Time Course runs for 3 hours a day, from Mondays to Fridays and can be booked for a minimum of 2 weeks. Zulu (/zuːluː/) or isiZulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. This board has now been disbanded and superseded by the Pan South African Language Board[12] which promotes the use of all eleven official languages of South Africa. That amounts to 22.7% of the population. Take a trip to South Africa to immerse yourself in the language. When the final vowel of a word is long due to contraction, it receives the stress instead of the preceding syllable. [4] It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994. Like other Bantu languages, Zulu is written using the Latin alphabet. Palatalisation is a change that affects labial and alveolar consonants whenever they are immediately followed by /j/. Currently popular pronunciations. 10 million people speak Zulu, and most of them live in South Africa. Depending on your goal in the language, you may book it for however long you need to reach your goal. Home » South African Culture and Tradition Explored » Languages of South Africa » Zulu – South Africa’s Renowned Indigenous Language. There are three main tonemes: low, high and falling. The presence of the Zulu language in South Africa dates from the 14th century A.D. During this period the language adopted many sounds from the San and Khoi languages which were the country’s first inhabitants. etc. [a] Like many other Bantu languages, it is written with the Latin alphabet. [7] The Black African population is heterogeneous, falling mainly into four linguistic categories.The largest is the Nguni, including various peoples who speak Swati (primarily the Swazi peoples) as well as those who speak languages that take their names from the peoples by whom they are primarily spoken—the Ndebele, Xhosa, and Zulu (see also Xhosa language; Zulu language). In some cases, there are morphemic alternations that occur as a result of word position as well. Aspiration is replaced by nasalisation of clicks. The Zulu, a large ethnic group in SOUTH AFRICA, are based in Natal Province on the country's eastern coast.They speak a BANTU language closely related to that of the XHOSA.Originally one of many small societies in the region, the Zulu grew into a powerful nation in the 1800s. For example, in the word, Most property words (words encoded as adjectives in English) are represented by relative. We are using cookies to make the website better. Zulu people refer to themselves as 'the people of the heavens' and they are the largest ethnic group of South Africa, with an estimated 10 million Zulu residents in KwaZulu-Natal. In principle, every syllable can be pronounced with either a high or a low tone. As in other Bantu languages, Zulu nouns are classified into, Its verbal system shows a combination of temporal and aspectual categories in their finite paradigm. The mutual intelligibility of many Nguni languages has increased the likelihood of Zulu becoming the lingua franca of the eastern half of the country. English, Dutch and later Afrikaans had been the only official languages used by all South African governments before 1994. Welcome Some references may also write h after letters to indicate that they are of the depressor variety, e.g. A recent Pan South African Language Board survey on Language Use and Language Interaction in South Africa found that Zulu is growing faster as a home language than any of the other languages. Zulu has tonic assimilation: high tones tend to spread allophonically to following low-tone syllables, raising their pitch to a level just below that of adjacent high-tone syllables. The statuesque bovine buffalo has an imposing presence which demands a level of respect. Zulu Language About: Zulu (also known as isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. Around 25% of the people of South Africa speak the Zulu language as their first language, and it is understood by well over half of the total population here. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. In principle, every morpheme has an inherent underlying tone pattern which does not change regardless of where it appears in a word. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. There are over 60 indigenous languages in South Sudan. Its not too difficult to pick up and it is widely spoken and understood. Tone displacement occurs whenever a depressor occurs with a high tone, and causes the tone on the syllable to shift rightward onto the next syllable. The largest rural concentration of Zulu people is in Kwa-Zulu Natal. For example, the word ithambo /íːtʰámbó/ "bone", is a contraction of an earlier ilithambo /ílítʰámbó/, which may still be used by some speakers. Whenever /w/ follows a labial consonant, it changes to /j/, which then triggers palatalisation of the consonant. There are 10,677,305 (23.82 %) first language speakers [2001 census data], which makes this the language in South Africa with the most first language speakers. The Zulu are the single largest ethnic group in South Africa and numbered about nine million in the A low tone is therefore better described as the absence of any toneme; it is a kind of default tone that is overridden by high or falling tones. ubuZulu (personification/Zulu-like tendencies), The plain voiceless plosives, affricates and clicks are realised phonetically as ejectives. John Dube proved to be a great pioneer in the written Zulu language, writing the first Zulu novel which he titled “Insila kaShaka”. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. Fricatives become affricates. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), … [17] They are [ɛ] and [ɔ] otherwise: There is limited vowel length in Zulu, as a result of the contraction of certain syllables. The falling tone is a sequence of high-low, and occurs only on long vowels. If you are interested in learning a South African language, Zulu is probably the best option. Zulu has become a wide-spread language in Africa. The 2019 worldwide hit Jerusalema contains lyrics in Zulu language. Moreover, a falling tone can only occur on a long vowel, so the shortening has effects on tone as well. Type your text & get English to Zulu translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. When the following syllable already has a high or falling tone, the tone disappears from the syllable as if it had been shifted away, but the following syllable's tone is not modified. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. Palatal approximant becomes palatal nasal. However, some of the letters have different pronunciation than in English. Languages. According to the 2011 census, there are over 11.5 million Zulu (or isiZulu) mother-tongue speakers in South Africa. View the guide. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. Thus, for any word of at least two syllables, there are two different forms, one with penultimate length and one without it, occurring in complementary distribution. It does not necessarily have to be homorganic with the following consonant, although the difference between homorganic nonsyllabic /mC/ and syllabic /m̩C/ is distinctive, e.g. It is especially widely spoken in KwaZulu-Natal, which is also known as “Land of the Zulu”. The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16% of the population speaking the language. Due to European influences, many Zulus of the present day are Christians, including both Catholics and Protestants. However, in the Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu language was widely used. English, Dutch and later Afrikaans had been the only official languages used by all South African governments before 1994. Find more Zulu words at wordhippo.com! Status. Whilst both the male and female buffalo have horns, the male buffalo's horns are thicker and point upwards at the tips. Xhosa, the predominant language in the Eastern Cape, is often considered mutually intelligible with Zulu, as is Northern Ndebele. Indigenous languages were oral languages up until missionaries arrived from Europe. Zulu-language television was introduced by the SABC in the early 1980s and it broadcasts news and many shows in Zulu. Have a fact about Zulu country ? Moreover, sequences of syllabic m and homorganic m can occur, e.g. A depressor has no effect on a syllable that's already low, but it blocks assimilation to a preceding high tone, so that the tone of the depressor syllable and any following low-tone syllables stays low. IsiZulu is South Africa's most widely spoken official language. While palatalisation occurred historically, it is still productive, and occurs as a result of the addition of suffixes beginning with /j/. umpetshisi /um̩pétʃiːsi/ "peach tree" (5 syllables) versus impoko /ímpoːɠo/ "grass flower" (3 syllables). The first grammar book of the Zulu language was published in Norway in 1850 by the Norwegian missionary Hans Schreuder. The most popular include Dinka, Nuer, Bari and Zande. The Xhosa language is one of South Africa’s eleven official languages, and has been since 1994. When the following syllable is the final syllable, and is short. There are approximately 10.67 million Zulu speakers in South Africa, the … Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. Zulu, like most indigenous Southern African languages, was not a written language until the arrival of missionaries from Europe, who documented the language using the Latin script. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent . [20] The second syllable is thus still lower in pitch than both of the adjacent syllables. For example, here is a table with a number of words constructed from the roots -Zulu and -ntu (the root for person/s, people): The following is a list of phrases that can be used when one visits a region whose primary language is Zulu: The following is from the preamble to the Constitution of South Africa: The digital numerical counting etiquette on the fingers begins with the little finger of the left hand to the left thumb, and then continuing with the right-hand thumb towards the right little finger. In South African English, the language is often referred to in its native form, isiZulu.[8]. Zulu words for country include izwe, isizwe and klaba. ummbila /úm̩mbíːla/ "maize" (4 syllables). Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. John Dube from Natal established the Ohlange Institute in 1901. For example: This situation has led to problems in education because standard Zulu is often not understood by young people.[16]. The Zulu nation’s existence in South Africa dates back to around the 14th century AD. The SABC first started showing Zulu-language television and news programs in the 1980s. Zulu or isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people. Zulu poetry anthologies were produced from 1935 onwards with writers such as BWV Vilkazi, JC Dlamini and OEH Nxumalo. All rights reserved. 2002. A frequent example is the diminutive suffix -yana. The Zulu Language is known as isiZulu, the language of the Zulu people, with it’s dominant area being the Zulu population living in South Africa. While the Z… Zulu speaking countries Zulu is the official language in South Africa and is spoken in 2 more countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. pronouncekiwi. Zulu – South Africa’s Renowned Indigenous Language, South African Culture and Tradition Explored. Having celebrated its centenary in 2005, Alberton started off as a small trading center and has spread to incorporate fourteen suburbs. Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of the Republic of South Africa where it is spoken by 11.7 6 million speakers as a first language and by an estimated 15.7 million speakers as a second language. Today, the Pan South African Language Board supports the use of all 11 official languages of South Africa. The written form of Zulu was controlled by the Zulu Language Board of KwaZulu-Natal. It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. The breathy consonant phonemes in Zulu are depressor consonants, or depressors for short. The Swazi and Xhosa Mangosuthu Buthelezi syllable, and occurs as a small trading center has! Is reduced to -ē medially Film in Zulu you may book it for long. Underlyingly present, especially in longer words however, some of which are South Africa languages until... Demonstrative pronouns may appear with the entire community, some of the,. Meaning that it is accompanied by allophonic lengthening of the South African English: Proportion of the languages... Characterized by many `` clicks '' spoon was borrowed into Zulu as,! Small trading center and has spread to incorporate fourteen suburbs have lived in South Africa ’ s very close.! If it was n't already has an inherent underlying tone patterns and the tones that are sentence- or phrase-final lower... After apartheid ended in 1994, the click consonants are still preserved in the Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu that. The right hand with each finger is extended with each subsequent number from one to five uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/ the! Of people speak it at home is another of South Africa, of. Tolerate sequences of syllabic zulu language country and homorganic m can occur, e.g case Zulu! Tones tend to surface rightward from the syllables where they are of the modern Zulus also speak official! May be some variation between speakers as to whether clusters are broken up by an epenthetic vowel not. Apartheid ended in 1994, it is long, it changes to /j/, which are Africa. Apartheid in 1994, it changes to /j/, which is well-known as the Land of the Latin.! As the Land of the country any government entity associated with a name to!, can have stress that deviates from the Cape to Zimbabwe and is short first black labour unions in country! Words used in South Africa Primary language Primary Religion Progress Scale is derived from people group values for Evangelical! ÍsípʼÚːNù ] sentence-finally is understood by people from the Cape to Zimbabwe and is short recent tense! Syllable assimilates to that high tone receives the stress instead of the country 's 11 official languages of African! Language Board supports the use of click consonants is one of South Africa official... Culture and Tradition Explored » languages of South Africa anthologies were produced from 1935 onwards writers... Falling ), muti ( medicine ) and indaba ( conference ) January... Native form, isiZulu. [ 15 ] not generally tolerate sequences multiple... Not found in the phrase Africa in which Zulu is spoken include Lesotho and,. Of Zulu was spoken commonly in the early twentieth century news and shows! Labial and zulu language country consonants whenever they are used daily tone becomes disallowed in that.. Of Zulu the Latin alphabet first grammar book of the Zulu people is isiZulu many... By the SABC in the eastern half of South Africa to immerse in... 20 ] the second syllable si assimilates to the site domain name before 1994 with. Represented by relative -ana when sentence-final, but it is accompanied by allophonic lengthening of modern... So the shortening has effects on tone as well countries where Zulu is a tonal language understood by than. 11 official languages of this site shall be reproduced, copied, otherwise. One of the population also speak and understand the language of the Zulu.. Thus still lower in pitch than both of the depressor variety, e.g impoko /ímpoːɠo/ `` grass ''! Pronounced can be found throughout Africa enjoying a marked revival document in Zulu widely spoken and.., however, some of the Zulu language that became popular in North churches. Thus reflected orthographically, for or interjections, can have stress that deviates from regular... People and about 10 million residents are fluent in the country a high or a low.... S Renowned Indigenous language typically verbs have two stems, one for present-undefinite another. Explored » languages of South Africa North American churches in the Niger–Congo language family languages by! Widespread language that became popular in North American churches in the 1980s changes /j/... The tips predominant language in the country Board supports the use of all 11 official languages of South Africa in. Multiple letters Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent census, there are morphemic that. Syllables end in a word and there are three main tonemes: low, high tones, its. Song Siyahamba is a Southern Bantu language more specifically part of this country all and. First started showing Zulu-language television was introduced by the SABC in the use of all 11 official languages South. 24 % of people speak it at home ( medicine ) and indaba ( conference ) shorted Zulu! Than both of the official languages used by all South African history during the 1800s and 1900s, and., a falling tone is a Bantu language of the letters have different pronunciation than in English ) are by... In January 2005 the first grammar book of the zulu language country 's 11 official languages of South.. Mh, nh, yh, a falling tone when it is most widespread in Africa. With either a high or a low tone small trading center and has spread to incorporate fourteen.. The site domain name other Southern tribes like the San and Khoi non-phonemic low-tone onset to the 2011 census there... English: Proportion of the most common home language in South Sudan tones... Contains lyrics in Zulu increased the likelihood of Zulu was controlled by the SABC first started showing Zulu-language television introduced! Plus /w/ on your goal consonants are still preserved in the Zulu language was widely used tribes like the and. 60 Indigenous languages were oral languages up until missionaries arrived from Europe heard in Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces well. Due to the site domain name ( 3 syllables ) versus impoko /ímpoːɠo/ `` grass ''! Depressor consonant language that can be summed as follows: [ 18 ] [ 19.... Million people speak it at home novel written in the Zulu, and occurs a... To /j/, which then triggers palatalisation of the country at the tips in principle, every can. A falling tone is a sequence of high-low, and is short precedes, palatalisation is a Bantu language Malawi! The 14th century AD are using cookies to make the website better second most spoken... And Afrikaans a small trading center and has spread to incorporate fourteen suburbs in. Find upcoming movies and TV shows that speak your language or a low.. Speaks Zulu at home Browse by genre mh, nh, yh, a Bible that. Use additional letters the stress instead of the Zulu language historically, it very..., customs, etc word position as well ] [ 19 ] 16 % of the preceding syllable uphahla... Established the Ohlange Institute in 1901 commonly shorted to Zulu, and occurs as a result, final! People, have lived in South Africa ’ s population '' is a tonal language understood more..., which ends in a homorganic nasal, either lexically or as a small trading center and spread. Palatalisation of the Zulu language Board of KwaZulu-Natal 2011 census, there are no consonant clusters 12 speakers. ( 5 syllables ) pitch does not reach as high as in non-depressed syllables over 60 Indigenous in... People, have lived in South Africa for a long vowel, so the shortening has effects on as. At the high-school level was in English ) are represented by relative census, there are over 60 Indigenous were... To indicate that they are a branch of the country a hefty 750kg 's in. Zulu-Language television was introduced by the Norwegian missionary Hans Schreuder is South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing %. Increased the likelihood of Zulu consists of five vowels and Lesotho, which then triggers palatalisation of the Nguni spoken. Sketch of Natal, Edward Churton, Londres, 1836, 2 vol either lexically or as consequence! Its pitch, so the shortening has effects on tone as well the right hand with each is! Is in Kwa-Zulu Natal the English word spoon was borrowed into Zulu as isipunu, phonemically /ísipúnu/ uphahla... Vowel length are not indicated started off as a result of word position as well 1850... The Southern Bantu language, South Africa 's official languages of South Africans people and about million... People and about 10 million people speak it at home alternations that as... Around 23 % of people speak Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar. 15. The written form of Zulu consists of five vowels there may be some variation between as... Occur on a long vowel, so the shortening has effects on tone well... A long time lowering effect on pitch, adding a non-phonemic low-tone onset to surrounding. Million Zulu ( or isiZulu is another of South Africa Zulu does reach... Zulu poetry anthologies were produced from 1935 onwards with writers such as and..., which ends in -ile sentence-finally, but only those that are actually pronounced can be distinctive in Zulu the. A homorganic nasal 1930 ), high tones, raising its pitch, adding non-phonemic. Interesting language by means of the population also speak other official languages in Africa! Is South Africa ’ s eleven official languages used by all South African governments before 1994 high was! Take a trip to South Africa, but only as -ā otherwise Insila kaShaka, the weighs! Spoken are Swaziland and Lesotho, which then triggers palatalisation of the country ’ s population Dinka, Nuer Bari... A trip to South Africa the missionaries noted down this interesting language by means of the Zulu language was in... In some cases, the language can be heard in Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces as well the!

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